Beacon Hill Fort
Beacon Hill Fort also known as Beacon Hill Battery was decommissioned in 1956 on the dissolution of coast artillery in the United Kingdom.
Initially a blockhouse was on this site constructed in 1534 during the reign of Henry VIII, although abandoned within ten years. After the death of Henry VIII the site was rearmed. By 1625 the site had again fallen into disrepair and Harwich was considered to be defenceless.
The site was upgraded to a redoubt of ten guns built in 1810, and in 1862 these guns were upgraded as a result of the 1860 Royal Commission on the Defence of the United Kingdom.
By the 1889 work began on a totally new fort, which was completed in 1892. After World War I the fort was disarmed and sold. In 1940 the was bought back into service as a consequence of World War II and a twin 6 Pounder gun position and director tower were built. It became known as Cornwallis Battery.
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